Ram Ritter

Antibiotic resistance of bacterial pathogens in Eastern Mediterranean marine and aquaculture fish
Molecular characterization, antibiotic resistance, and virulence genes identification

Ph.D. candidate 

resistance ( is a global issue that public health is facing
nowadays and its propagation have occurred due to the misuse of antimicrobial
medicines for human and livestock This has led to the emergence of antibiotic
resistant zoonotic pathogens through the acquisition of antibiotics resistance genes
( that are easily transferred to the microbiota of animals and humans Sewage
is the main transfer source of ARGs in marine environments where they persist On a
global scale, aquaculture related ARGs are distributed through fishmeal export, and
imported fish consumption (raw fish consumption is not unusual) ARGs can be
transferred to the same or different bacteria species allowing them to adapt to
antibiotics Even though AMR bacteria has been reported in numerous marine
species, such as invertebrates, sharks, sea turtles and marine mammals, there is a lack
of information regarding the magnitude of AMR bacteria in aquatic organisms at
different levels of the trophic web in the Levantine basin